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Weighted Averages and Student Loans

September 25, 2016

One of the best reasons to refinance or consolidate student loans is to obtain a lower interest rate, thereby helping you save money over the life of your loan. During the refinancing or consolidation process, you may wonder how your interest rate might change or how the new interest rate is calculated and applied across multiple loans, especially when they include a variety of high and low rates. Both of these questions, as well as a few others associated with a student loan debt consolidation, will be answered as we explore the definition, process, loan association, and calculation of weighted averages.

 

What is a Weighted Average?

Mathematically defined:

Weighted average is a mean calculated by giving values in a data set more influence according to some attribute of the data. It is an average in which each quantity to be averaged is assigned a weight, and these weightings determine the relative importance of each quantity on the average. Weightings are the equivalent of having that many like items with the same value involved in the average.

 

While lofty in explanation, the mathematical definition does emphasize one important clue: weighted averages determine the relative importance of each quantity in the average. This kind of emphasis means that important details like previous loan amounts and interest rates will not be overlooked. However, to better explain what a weighted average is and how it pertains to student loans we want to first explain where it takes places, and with which type of student loans it is associated.

 

Weighted averages typically only apply to federal student loans that are consolidated by the Direct Consolidation Loan program (not refinanced loans offered by private lenders). When this federally-backed program consolidates multiple federal student loans into one payment, they must somehow figure out what the borrowers new interest rate will be. This is where weighted averages enter the equation. The new interest rate on the consolidated loan will be a fixed interest rate that is based solely on the weighted average of the interest rates of the loans being consolidated, rather than reflecting current rate trends based on economic conditions or considering the credit history of the individual borrower. This resulting number is rounded up to the nearest one-eighth of 1 percent, and generally reflects a midpoint between the highest and lowest interest rates from the original, individual loans.

 

How Is the Weighted Average Calculated?

Calculating the weighted average of federal student loans can be achieved through this simple, five-step process:

  1. Multiply each of your loans amounts by its own interest rate. This calculation yields individual loan weight factors.You should have as many loan weight factorsas you have loans.
  2. Add each of the resulting loan weight factors together to find the total loan weight factor.
  3. Add each of your loan amounts together to find your total loan amount.
  4. Divide your total loan weight factor by your total loan amount. To view this number as a percentage, multiply by 100.
  5. Round the resulting percentage from step five to the nearest one-eighth of a percent. This should present the final interest rate or the weighted average for the newly consolidated student loans.

 

How Are Interest Rates Calculated When Refinancing Student Loans with a Private Lender?

When a person refinances student loans (whether privately or federally-funded) with a private lender, weighted averages usually no longer apply, such as with a consolidation loan from Education Loan Finance. Instead, a new interest rate offer is calculated based on the borrowers credit history, overall financial health, and current financial market conditionsnot weighted averages. Remember, weighted averages only apply to federally consolidated loans. Furthermore, with private lenders, borrowers often have the flexibility to exclude select low-interest portions of their student loan debt from the refinance package if the original rate is more favorable than the rate being offered.

 

Do the Math

Along with calculating what your weighted average may be, should you choose to consolidate your federal student loans, be sure to find out what your options may be with a private lenders refinancing program? Refinancing student loans may offer the greatest money-saving opportunities, but it is important to understand that when federal loans are refinanced with a private lender, some benefits including income-based repayment, loan forgiveness, deferments, and forbearances may be lost. Our best advice is to compare federal student loan consolidation to refinancing with a private lender and do the math to find out what you may potentially save and what benefits and special considerations your new lender offers before you make any final decisions.

6 Things to Do Before Applying To Refinance Your Student Loan Debt

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2020-02-21
This Week in Student Loans: February 21

Please note: Education Loan Finance does not endorse or take positions on any political matters that are mentioned. Our weekly summary is for informational purposes only and is solely intended to bring relevant news to our readers.

  This week in student loans:

30,000 borrowers are being charged for student loans that were already discharged

30,000 borrowers of student loans from a private lender thought their loans would be discharged when they declared bankruptcy years ago – however the lender disagreed, and they are continuing to be charged. The borrowers are now suing the U.S. Bankruptcy court for the Eastern District of New York.  

Source: Yahoo Finance

 

USC announces new tuition-free plan

The University of Southern California (USC) recently announced two major changes to its financial aid plan, one of which makes attendance tuition-free for applicants whose family's household income falls at or below $80,000. Owning a home will also not be counted in the calculation to determine a student's financial need.  

Source: Forbes

 

Younger employees want help paying down student debt

A recent report from consumer research firm Hearts and Wallets revealed that younger workers would rather have employers assist them with repaying student loans than help them save for retirement. Two-thirds of workers of ages 21 to 27 said companies should help them pay down student debt, while just 27% said companies should help them save for retirement.  

Source: Investment News

 

49% of Americans expect to live paycheck to paycheck this year

A new survey revealed that a whopping 49% of Americans expect to live paycheck to paycheck through each month of this year. It also revealed that 53% don't have an emergency fund that covers at least three months of expenses. Despite the negative sentiment, 91% did say they wanted to develop better money habits in 2020.  

Source: Forbes

    That wraps things up for this week! Follow us on FacebookInstagramTwitter, or LinkedIn for more news about student loans, refinancing, and achieving financial freedom.  
 

Notice About Third Party Websites: Education Loan Finance by SouthEast Bank is not responsible for and has no control over the subject matter, content, information, or graphics of the websites that have links here. The portal and news features are being provided by an outside source – the bank is not responsible for the content. Please contact us with any concerns or comments.

2020-02-18
Current LIBOR Rate Update: February 2020

This blog provides the most current LIBOR rate data as of February 10, 2020, along with a brief overview of the meaning of LIBOR and how it applies to variable-rate student loans. For more information on how LIBOR affects variable rate loans, read our blog, LIBOR: What It Means for Student Loans.

 

What is LIBOR?

The London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) is a money market interest rate that is considered to be the standard in the interbank Eurodollar market. In short, it is the rate at which international banks are willing to offer Eurodollar deposits to one another. Many variable rate loans and lines of credit, such as mortgages, credit cards, and student loans, base their interest rates on the LIBOR rate.

 

How LIBOR Affects Variable Rate Student Loans

If you have variable-rate student loans, changes to the LIBOR impact the interest rate you’ll pay on the loan throughout your repayment. Private student loans, including refinanced student loans, have interest rates that are tied to an index, such as LIBOR. But that’s not the rate you’ll pay. The lender also adds a margin that is based on your credit – the better your credit, the lower the margin. By adding the LIBOR rate to the margin along with any other fees or charges that may be included, you can determine your annual percentage rate (APR), which is the full cost a lender charges you per year for funds expressed as a percentage. Your APR is the actual amount you pay.

 

LIBOR Maturities

There are seven different maturities for LIBOR, including overnight, one week, one month, two months, three months, six months, and twelve months. The most commonly quoted rate is the three-month U.S. dollar rate. Some student loan companies, including ELFI, adjust their interest rates every quarter based on the three-month LIBOR rate.

 

Current 1 Month LIBOR Rate - January 2020

As of Monday, February 10, 2020, the 1 month LIBOR rate is 1.66%. If the lender sets their margin at 3%, your new rate would be 4.66% (1.67% + 3.00%=4.66%). The chart below displays fluctuations in the 1 month LIBOR rate over the past year.

  Chart displaying current 1 month LIBOR rate as of February 10, 2020.

(Source: macrotrends.net)

   

Current 3 Month LIBOR Rate - January 2020

As of Monday, February 10, 2020, the 3 month LIBOR rate is 1.71%. If the lender sets their margin at 3%, your new rate would be 4.71% (1.71% + 3.00%=4.71%). The chart below displays fluctuations in the 3 month LIBOR rate over the past year.

  Chart displaying current 3 month LIBOR rate as of February 10, 2020. (Source: macrotrends.net)  

Current 6 Month LIBOR Rate - January 2020

As of Monday, February 10, 2020, the 3 month LIBOR rate is 1.72%. If the lender sets their margin at 3%, your new rate would be 4.72% (1.72% + 3.00%=4.72%). The chart below displays fluctuations in the 6 month LIBOR rate over the past year.

  Chart displaying current 6 month LIBOR rate as of February 10, 2020. (Source: macrotrends.net)  

Current 1 Year LIBOR Rate - January 2020

As of Monday, February 10, 2020, the 1 year LIBOR rate is 1.80%. If the lender sets their margin at 3%, your new rate would be 4.80% (1.80% + 3.00%=4.80%). The chart below displays fluctuations in the 1 year LIBOR rate over the past year.

  Chart displaying current 1 year LIBOR rate as of February 10, 2020. (Source: macrotrends.net)  

Understanding LIBOR

If you are planning to refinance your student loans or take out a personal loan or line of credit, understanding how the LIBOR rate works can help you choose between a fixed or variable-rate loan. Keep in mind that ELFI has some of the lowest student loan refinancing rates available, and you can prequalify in minutes without affecting your credit score.* Keep up with the ELFI blog for monthly updates on the current 1 month, 3 month, 6 month, and 1 year LIBOR rate data.

 
 

*Subject to credit approval. Terms and conditions apply.

 

Notice About Third Party Websites: Education Loan Finance by SouthEast Bank is not responsible for and has no control over the subject matter, content, information, or graphics of the websites that have links here. The portal and news features are being provided by an outside source – the bank is not responsible for the content. Please contact us with any concerns or comments.

2020-02-07
This Week in Student Loans: February 7

Please note: Education Loan Finance does not endorse or take positions on any political matters that are mentioned. Our weekly summary is for informational purposes only and is solely intended to bring relevant news to our readers.

  This week in student loans:

The Dangers Of Using A 529 Plan For Student Loan Debt

The Setting Every Community Up for Retirement (SECURE) Act that was signed into law on December 20 allows families with a 529 college savings plan to use some of the savings to pay off student loan debt. Previously, you would have to pay a 10% penalty on 529 earnings (not contributions) in order to use the savings for non-qualified expenses, such as paying student loans. This Forbes article explains the limitations of using such plans to pay off student debt.  

Source: Forbes

 

How Each State is Shaping the Personal Finance IQ of its Student

According to CNBC, there's increasing research showing that students who are required to learn financial literacy or take personal finance courses in high school make better financial decisions in their early adult life. See how certain states are taking measures to ensure their students are more financially literate in this article.  

Source: CNBC

 

Student Loan Debt Statistics for 2019

Yahoo Finance has released a report on the state of student loan debt for the year of 2019, including information about the average student loan debt per borrower and student loan debt by state, age, race, and gender.  

Source: Yahoo Finance

 

Ohio Dad Got 55,000 Identical Letters About His Daughter's Student Loan

An Ohio father of a student loan borrower was shocked when he received 59 bins of mail containing 55,000 identical letters from the servicer of his daughter's student loans. The delivery was so large that the man had to pick up the delivery at the back door of the post office and had to make two trips. The servicer claimed it was due to a glitch in the outgoing mail process and that they would work to ensure the mistake would not happen again. When asked what he might do with the letters, the father said, "I just may start a fire, a bonfire, and burn it all," while laughing.  

Source: CNN

    That wraps things up for this week! Follow us on FacebookInstagramTwitter, or LinkedIn for more news about student loans, refinancing, and achieving financial freedom.  
 

Notice About Third Party Websites: Education Loan Finance by SouthEast Bank is not responsible for and has no control over the subject matter, content, information, or graphics of the websites that have links here. The portal and news features are being provided by an outside source – the bank is not responsible for the content. Please contact us with any concerns or comments.